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                                Glossary of Antique terms  A - B - C - D - E - F - G - H - I - J - K - L - M - N - O - P - Q - R - S - T - U - V - W - X - Y - Z
                                X-Frame - (Furniture) Vertical X-shaped frame; used on chairs and stools from the Middle Ages until the 17th century.

                                Xi - (Chinese) Chinese symbol representing happiness and longevity

                                X-Stretcher - (Furniture) Horizontal member between legs of a chair, table or stool in the form of an X.

                                Xylography - (Fine Art, Prints) an old term applied to wood-cuts and wood engravings.


                                Yao - (Ceramics, Chinese, Term) In Chinese yao means Ware - Chien-yao=Chien ware

                                Yang-ts'ai - (Ceramics, Chinese, Term) - In Chinese yan-ts'ti means `foreign colours'. It is also the Chinese term for famille rose enamel decoration.

                                Yew - (Wood) Very hard wood, reddish-brown, used for veneers in the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries, and in country furniture from the sixteenth century.

                                Ying Ch'ing ware - (Ceramics, Porcelain, Chinese) Porcelain of the Sung and perhaps the T'ang dynasty comprising a white or yellowish body and pale blue or greenish transparent glaze. Ying ch'ing means `shadowy blue'.

                                Yorkshire Chair - (Furniture) A type of chair associated with these counties, dating from about 1650-75, the back often filled in with two shaped transverse bars. There is also a Derbyshire Chair.

                                Yu - (Household, Bronze, Chinese) Ancient bronze wine vessel, cylindrical in shape, with a convex cover and looped handle.

                                Yuan or Mongol Dynasty - (Period, China) (A.D. 1279-1368) See Chinese.

                                Yueh ware - (Ceramics, Stoneware, Chinese) Stoneware of the northern celadon type made during the T'ang and Sung dynasties, originally at Yiieh-chou (hence the name) and later at other districts in Chekiang Province. The hard grey body covered by a greyish-green or putty-coloured glaze. Decoration is carved.
                                Glossary of Antique terms  A - B - C - D - E - F - G - H - I - J - K - L - M - N - O - P - Q - R - S - T - U - V - W - X - Y - Z
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