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                The Designer Jewelry Store

                The Designer Jewelry Shop

                Your best shop for BRITISH and EUROPEAN  Jewelry / Jewellery  including Antique Jewellery, Vintage Jewellery, Hand made Jewellery, Costume Jewellery, Designer Jewellery or just Unique Jewellery. The store with a wide and interesting vintage jewellery selection.

                check out our Vintage Jewellery COLLECTION Info page

                We are not a Gemstone reseller- we are specialists in Antiques and Collectables. However, we are honored to offer in our store exclusive gemstones from a few personal collections that have been compiled over the period of eighty years. The gemstones featured in our store are of the highest quality, unique, specially cut and one of the kind. So bookmark our store, there is a  new and  exiting gemstone inventory coming soon!

                Gemstone Collection Info contents

                Abalone

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                Abalone
                Abalone (from Spanish Abulón) are small to very large-sized edible sea snails, marine gastropod mollusks in the family Haliotidae and the genus Haliotis. Family Haliotidae has no subfamilies. Common names for abalones also include ear-shells, sea-ears and Venus's-ears, as well as muttonfish or muttonshells in Australia, ormer in Jersey and Guernsey, perlemoen in South Africa and paua in New Zealand.
                The shells of abalones have a low and open spiral structure, and are characterized by several open respiratory pores in a row near the shell's outer edge. The thick inner layer of the shell is composed of nacre or mother-of-pearl, which in many species is highly iridescent, giving rise to a range of strong and changeable colors, which make the shells attractive to humans as decorative objects, and as a source of colorful mother-of-pearl.

                ABALONE - is associated with healing, serenity, calmness, nobility, and honesty.

                The Eye of Buddha -  the big beads or round pendants hand carved from now extinct Giant Sea Snail, found in the depths of the Pacific Ocean. The Giant Sea Snail was sacred to Buddha. When the shells were carved a certain way, they revealed a gray / green spot, surrounded by the Mother of Pearl. This gave each bead the appearance of a gentle, protective eye, The Eye of Buddha.

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                Actinolite
                Actinolite is commonly found in metamorphic rocks, such as contact aureoles surrounding cooled intrusive igneous rocks. It also occurs as a product of metamorphism of magnesium-rich limestones. The old mineral name uralite is at times applied to an alteration product of primary pyroxene by a mixture composed largely of actinolite.
                Some forms of actinolite are used as gemstones. One is nephrite, one of the two types of jade (the other being jadeite, a variety of pyroxene). Another gem variety is the chatoyant form known as cat's-eye actinolite. This stone is translucent to opaque, and green to yellowish green color. This variety has had the misnomer jade cat's-eye. Transparent actinolite is rare and is faceted for gem collectors. Major sources for these forms of actinolite are Taiwan and Canada. Other sources are Madagascar, Tanzania, and the US.

                ACTINOLITE - associated with creative expression, appreciation of beauty and spontaneity. This is also an excellent stone for improving visualizations and mental imagery.

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                Agate

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                Blue lace agate

                Moss agate

                Agate
                Mohs hardness - 6.5-7. Agate is a microcrystalline variety of quartz (silica), chiefly chalcedony, characterised by its fineness of grain and brightness of color. Agate comes in a wide range of colors an is often variegated and banded. Although agates may be found in various kinds of rock, they are classically associated with volcanic rocks but can be common in certain metamorphic rocks. Colorful agates and other chalcedonies were obtained over 3,000 years ago from the Achates River, now called Dirillo, in Sicily. The stone was given its name by Theophrastus, a Greek philosopher and naturalist, who discovered the stone along the shore line of the river Achates sometime between the 4th and 3rd centuries BC. Agate is one of the most common materials used in the art of hardstone carving, and has been recovered at a number of ancient sites, indicating its widespread use in the ancient world; for example, archaeological recovery at the Knossos site on Crete illustrates its role in Bronze Age Minoan culture.

                AGATE -  foster love, abundance, wealth, good luck, longevity, acceptance, courage, protection, balance, harmony, generosity, strength, security and appreciation of nature. Agates are considered very powerful stones. They are also very calming and soothing to the emotions.
                ARIZONA AGATE - Is linked with sensuality, pleasure, emotional warmth, earthiness, happiness, cheerfulness and prosperity.
                FERN AGATE - Helps us communicate with plants. Attunes us the world of Devas and Nature Spirits.
                FIRE AGATE - to help those who are overly timid become more assertive and self expressive.
                IRIS AGATE - Fosters truth, honor, joy, physical well being, popularity and long life.
                BLUE LACE AGATE - associated with hope, unity, cleansing, harmony, protection, optimism, positive thinking, appreciation for nature, smooth energy flow, joy, truth, purification and promptness. Makes us more easygoing.
                MEXICAN LACE AGATE - to lift depression.
                PINK LACE AGATE - increases friendliness and happiness.
                WHITE LACE AGATE - attunes us to our highest mind and to the Creator.
                MOSS AGATE - associated with prosperity, success, abundance, congeniality, compatibility, healing, rain, restoration, fertility of plants, protection of the earth, creativity, confidence and strength. This stone is helpful when starting new friendships or when seeking a compatible lover. Moss agate also helps us communicate directly with animals, plants and all of nature.
                PLUME AGATE - to improve imagination, visualization and the ability to manifest positive thought forms.

                Zodiac gemstone for Gemini: agate

                Guardian angel Bariel talisman stone: agate 

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                Alexandrite
                A green form of Chrysoberyl. The alexandrite variety displays a color change (alexandrite effect) dependent upon the nature of ambient lighting. This color shift is independent of any change of hue with viewing direction through the crystal that would arise from pleochroism. Both these different properties are frequently referred to as "color change", however. Alexandrite results from small scale replacement of aluminium by chromium ions in the crystal structure, which causes intense absorption of light over a narrow range of wavelengths in the yellow region of the spectrum. Alexandrite from the Ural Mountains in Russia is green by daylight and red by incandescent light. Other varieties of alexandrite may be yellowish or pink in daylight and a columbine or raspberry red by incandescent light. The optimum or "ideal" color change would be fine emerald green to fine purplish red, but this is exceedingly rare. Because of their rarity and the color change capability, "ideal" alexandrite gems are some of the most expensive in the world.

                ALEXANDRITE - encourages regeneration, renewal, protection, joy, emotional maturity, purity, grace and elegance.

                Modern June birthstone: moonstone or alexandrite

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                Amazonite
                (sometimes called "Amazon stone") is a green variety of microcline feldspar. The name is taken from that of the Amazon River, from which certain green stones were formerly obtained, but it is doubtful whether green feldspar occurs in the Amazon area. Amazonite is a mineral of limited occurrence. Formerly it was obtained almost exclusively from the area of Miass in the Ilmen mountains, 50 miles southwest of Chelyabinsk, Russia, where it occurs in granitic rocks. More recently, high-quality crystals have been obtained from Pike's Peak, Colorado, where it is found associated with smoky quartz, orthoclase, and albite in a coarse granite or pegmatite. Crystal Park, El Paso County, Colorado is a well-known locality for crystals of amazonite. Some other localities in the United States yield amazonite, and it is also found in pegmatite in Madagascar and in Brazil. Because of its bright green colour when polished, amazonite is sometimes cut and used as a gemstone, although it is easily fractured.

                AMAZONITE - inspires truth, sincerity, honor, self-love, communication, eloquence, integrity, trust, clairvoyance, clarity, prophecy and openness. Held to the third eye Amazonite unlocks psychic vision.

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                Amber Jewelry

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                Baltic Amber

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                Amber
                Amber is organic gem (or, technically, resinite) is fossilized tree resin (not sap), which has been appreciated for its color and natural beauty since Neolithic times. Good quality amber is used for the manufacture of ornamental objects and jewelry. There are five classes of amber, defined on the basis of their chemical constituents. Because it originates as a soft, sticky tree resin, amber sometimes includes animal and plant material as inclusions. Amber occurs in a range of different colors. As well as the usual yellow-orange-brown that is associated with the color "amber", amber itself can range from a whitish color through a pale lemon yellow, to brown and almost black. Other more uncommon colors include red amber (sometimes known as "cherry amber"), green amber, and even blue amber, which is rare and highly sought after. Much of the most highly-prized amber is transparent, in contrast to the very common cloudy amber and opaque amber. Opaque amber contains numerous minute bubbles. This kind of amber is known as "bony amber".
                Although all Dominican amber is fluorescent, the rarest Dominican amber is blue amber. It turns blue in natural sunlight and any other partially or wholly ultraviolet light source. In long-wave UV light it has a very strong reflection, almost white. Only about 100 kg is found per year, which makes it valuable and expensive

                AMBER - brings romantic love, purification, wisdom, energy and balance. It enhances patience, altruism, strength, calmness, healing, remembrance of past lives and ancient knowledge. This gentle stone draws out negative energy from the body and purifies the spirit and heart as well. Amber also helps us discover ancient wisdom and knowledge. Calming stone, stress reliever. Mental clarity, mood balancer, joy, humor, confidence. Detoxification and protection from radiation.

                Amber - Metaphysical / Healing Properties of amber are associated with the solar plexus or yellow chakra. Amber has long been believed to be a stone of healing, used to alleviate problems of the stomach and liver. It has been used as a talisman for courage and self confidence. Amber is great at lifting the heaviness of burdens - allowing happiness to come through.

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                Amblygonite
                Amblygonite is a fluorophosphate mineral, composed of lithium, sodium, aluminium, phosphate, fluoride and hydroxide. The mineral occurs in pegmatite deposits and is easily mistaken for albite and other feldspars. The mineral was first discovered in Saxony by August Breithaupt in 1817, and named by him from the Greek amblus, blunt, and gouia, angle, because of the obtuse angle between the cleavages. Later it was found at Montebras, Creuse, France, and at Hebron in Maine. A golden-yellow to clear color transparent amblygonite has been faceted and used as a gemstone. As a gemstone set into jewelry it is vulnerable to breakage and abrasion from general wear, as its hardness and toughness are poor. The main sources for gem material are Brazil and the U.S.. Australia, France, Germany, Namibia, Norway, and Spain have also produced gem quality amblygonite.

                AMBLYGONITE - to increase a feeling of one's own worth. It helps us develop empathy, self-confidence and thoughtfulness towards others.

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                Amethyst

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                Amethyst

                Amethyst
                Mohs hardness - 7. Refractive index - 1.544-1.533. Specific Gravity - 2.65. Amethyst is a bet known and most valuable violet variety of quartz often used in jewelry. The name comes from the Ancient Greek ("not intoxicated"), a reference to the belief that the stone protected its owner from drunkenness; the ancient Greeks and Romans wore amethyst and made drinking vessels of it in the belief that it would prevent intoxication. Amethyst is composed of an irregular superposition of alternate lamellae of right-handed and left-handed quartz. It has been shown that this structure may be due to mechanical stresses.
                Because it has a hardness of seven on the Mohs scale, amethyst is suitable for use in jewelry. Amethyst occurs in primary hues from a light pinkish violet to a deep purple. Amethyst may exhibit one or both secondary hues, red and blue. The ideal grade is called "Deep Siberian" and has a primary purple hue of around 75–80%, 15–20% blue and (depending on the light source) red secondary hues. Green quartz is sometimes called green amethyst. Other names for green quartz are prasiolite, vermarine or lime citrine.

                AMETHYST - associated with increased nobility, spiritual awareness, meditation, balance, psychic abilities, inner peace, healing and positive transformation. This stone brings an understanding of death and rebirth and relieves stress. Amethyst is a teacher of all things spiritual, mystic and psychic. This stone is very healing of body, mind and soul. Amethyst - one of the most popular metaphysical stones. Leonardo Da Vinci wrote that amethyst has the power to dissipate evil thoughts and quicken the intelligence. Amethyst is a great stone to use if you are trying to increase your psychic abilities and enhance your intuition. Amethyst has been a symbol of peace, purity and unification and can aid in bringing serenity and calmness. Use amethyst to treat insomnia and promote peaceful and healing sleep. It is also commonly used to relieve headaches, sugar imbalances and general edginess, bringing an overall sense of spiritual balance.

                February modern birthstone: amethyst

                February ancient traditional birthstones for Hebrew: amethyst, Roman: amethyst, Arabic: amethyst, Polish: amethyst
                Zodiac gemstone for Pisces: amethyst
                Guardian Angel: Adnachiel and his talisman stone: amethyst

                Amethyst - the stone for Episcopal rings for bishops and archbishops worn by bishops of the Roman Catholic, Anglican, Lutheran and other denominations.

                Amethyst care: Wash with warm soapy water, Avoid harsh detergents, Ultrasonic cleaning is usually safe, Never steam clean.

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                Aquamarine

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                Aquamarine

                Aquamarine
                Mohs hardness - 7.5-8, Refractive index - 1.577-1.583. Specific Gravity - 2.72. A blue-green member of the Beryl clan. Aquamarine (from Lat. aqua marina, "water of the sea") is a blue or turquoise variety of beryl. It occurs at most localities which yield ordinary beryl, some of the finest coming from Russia. The gem-gravel placer deposits of Sri Lanka contain aquamarine. Clear yellow beryl, such as occurs in Brazil, is sometimes called aquamarine chrysolite. When corundum presents the bluish tint of typical aquamarine, it is often termed Oriental aquamarine. The deep blue version of aquamarine is called maxixe. Its color fades to white when exposed to sunlight or is subjected to heat treatment, though the color returns with irradiation.The biggest aquamarine ever mined was found at the city of Marambaia, Minas Gerais, Brazil, in 1910.


                AQUAMARINE - associated with cleansing, meditation, serenity, peace, prophecy, inspiration, tranquillity, strength and the wise use of inner power. This stone is attuned to the ocean and helps us to get in touch with the nature spirits of the sea. It is traditionally used to soothe, calm and alleviate fears and phobias. Promotes safe travel on water. Aquamarine - “Stone of Courage”, Intellectual acuteness, banishes fears, calms nerves, imparts strength and control.

                The following story associated with Aquamarine, which comes from the Victorian era: An English prince suffers from a terrible stomachache. His servant holds an aquamarine over him and chants, hoping the gem will heal the prince.
                 
                March modern birthstone: aquamarine
                October ancient traditional birthstones: Hebrew - aquamarine, Roman - aquamarine Arabic - aquamarine, Polish - aquamarine.

                Aquamarine AA grade - color medium blue, A grade - color pale blue.

                Aquamarine care: Wash with warm soapy water, Avoid harsh detergents, Ultrasonic and steam cleaning are usually safe.

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                Bloodstone

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                Bloodstone
                The mineral heliotrope, also known as bloodstone, is a form of chalcedony - mixture of quartz and its moganite. The classic bloodstone is green chalcedony with red inclusions of iron oxide or red jasper. Sometimes the inclusions are yellow, in which case the mineral is given the name plasma. The red inclusions are supposed to resemble spots of blood. The name heliotrope from Greek helios, Sun, trepein, to turn, derives from various ancient notions about the manner in which the mineral reflects light.

                BLOODSTONE - brings rain, abundance, alignment, organization, smooth energy flow, generosity, idealism, good fortune and purification. It is good to keep a bloodstone in any place that needs its energy cleansed.

                April Zodiac gemstone for Aries: bloodstone
                March Ancient traditional birthstones: Hebrew - bloodstone, Roman - bloodstone, Arabic - bloodstone, Polish - bloodstone.

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                Chrysocolla

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                Chrysocolla
                A blue-green member of the quartz clan. Also known as Gem Silica. The name comes from the Greek chrysos, "gold", and kolla, "glue", in allusion to the name of the material used to solder gold, and was first used by Theophrastus in 315 BCE. It is typically found as glassy botryoidal or rounded masses and crusts, or vein fillings. Because of its light color, it is sometimes confused with turquoise. Commonly it occurs only as pourous crusts unsuitable for gem use, but high quality, gem grade chrysocolla can be translucent and is highly prized.


                CHRYSOCOLLA - associated with tranquillity, serenity, peace, subconscious wisdom, intuition, patience, nurturance, acceptance, tolerance, unconditional love, calmness, meditation, honesty, hope, intimacy, gentleness and sensitivity.

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                Citrine

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                Citrine

                Citrine
                Mohs hardness 7, Specific gravity 2.65, Refractive index 1.544–1.553. Citrine is a variety of quartz whose color ranges from a pale yellow to brown. Darker colors are more highly prized, including medium golden orange ("Rio Grande" citrine) and dark sherry-colored ("Madeira" citrine). Citrine is actually naturally heated amethyst and smokey quartz. It is nearly impossible to tell cut citrine from yellow topaz visibly, but they differ in hardness. Citrine has ferric impurities, and is rarely found naturally. Most commercial citrine is artificially heated amethyst or smoky quartz. Brazil is the leading producer of citrine, with much of its production coming from the state of Rio Grande do Sul. The name is derived from Latin citrina which means "yellow" and is also the origin of the word "citron." Sometimes citrine and amethyst can be found together in the same crystal and is referred to as ametrine.

                CITRINE - augments happiness, prosperity, generosity, creativity, pleasure, protection, strength, alignment, confidence, stability, moderation, energy, comfort, career success, truth, goodness, warmth, digestion, assimilation, enjoyment of life and spiritual growth. This is a stone of success in all walks of life. Citrine - Self-esteem, joy, clear thinking, activates solar plexus, “merchant’s stone”, brings more cash to cash drawer. Citrine - carries the healing properties of the sun. It expands the auric field, filling it with light and clearing away any lingering etheric toxins. Citrine is also a wonderful manifestation crystal by motivating you into taking action. It brings optimism and cheerfulness. Citrine is a good stone for aligning all the chakras. It focuses on balancing the solar plexus chakra, which in turn integrates the lower and higher chakras.

                The Twelve Tribes of Israel In Exodus 28:17-21, specific gemstones were associated with the twelve tribes of Israel. People of Jewish heritage may wish to select their birthstones based on tribal names. Historians have complied several lists of which stone goes with each name. Citrine is associated with the tribe of  Gad.

                November modern birthstone: topaz or citrine.

                Citrine care: Wash with warm soapy water, Avoid harsh detergents, Ultrasonic cleaning is usually safe, Never steam clean.

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                Emerald

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                Emerald

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                Emerald

                Emerald
                Mohs hardness 7.5-8, Specific gravity 2.68-2.78, Refractive index 1.560–1.602. Emeralds are a green member of the Beryl clan, colored green by trace amounts of chromium and sometimes vanadium. Most emeralds are highly included, so their toughness and resistance to breakage is classified as generally poor. The word Emerald is derived  from Old French: Esmeraude and Middle English: Emeraude, and from Latin: Esmaralda/Esmaraldus, a variant of Latin Smaragdus, which originated in Greek: (smaragdos; "green gem"); its original source being either the Hebrew word izmargad meaning "emerald" or "green" or the Sanskrit word marakata meaning "green." The name could also be related to the Semitic word baraq ("lightning" or "shine") (cf. Hebrew: bareqeth and Arabic: barq "lightning"). It is the same source for the names Persian (zomorrod), Turkish (zümrüt), Sanskrit (maragdam), Russian (izumrud) and Armenian zmruxt. Emeralds, like all colored gemstones, are graded using four basic parameters, the four Cs of Connoisseurship; Color, Cut, Clarity and Crystal. The last C, crystal is simply used as a synonym that begins with C for transparency or what gemologists call diaphaneity. Before the 20th century, jewelers used the term water as in "a gem of the finest water" to express the combination of two qualities, color and crystal. Normally, in the grading of colored gemstones, color is by far the most important criteria. However, in the grading of emerald, crystal is considered a close second. Both are necessary conditions. A fine emerald must possess not only a pure verdant green hue, but also a high degree of transparency to be considered a top gem.
                Color is divided into three components: hue, saturation and tone. Yellow and blue, the hues found adjacent to green on the spectral color wheel, are the normal secondary hues found in emerald. Emeralds occur in hues ranging from yellow-green to blue-green. The primary hue must, of course, be green. Only gems that are medium to dark in tone are considered emerald. Light-toned gems are known by the species name, green beryl. In addition, the hue must be bright and vivid.
                Clarity. Emerald tends to have numerous inclusions and surface breaking fissures. Unlike diamond, where the loupe standard, i.e. 10X magnification, is used to grade clarity, emerald is graded by eye. Thus, if an emerald has no visible inclusions to the eye it is considered flawless. Stones that lack surface breaking fissures are extremely rare and therefore almost all emeralds are treated, "oiled", to enhance the apparent clarity. Eye-clean stones of a vivid primary green hue with no more than 15% of any secondary hue or combination either blue or yellow of a medium-dark tone command the highest prices. This relative crystal non-uniformity makes emeralds more likely than other gemstones to be cut into cabochons, rather than faceted shapes.
                Treatments. Most emeralds are oiled as part of the post lapidary process, in order to improve their clarity. Cedar oil, having a similar refractive index, is often used in this generally accepted practice. Other liquids, including synthetic oils and polymers with refractive indexes close to that of emerald such as Opticon are also used. The use of oil is traditional and largely accepted by the gem trade. Other treatments, for example the use of green-tinted oil, are not acceptable in the trade. Given that the vast majority of all emeralds are treated as described above, and the fact that two stones that appear to be similar in quality may actually be quite far apart in treatment level. All other factors being equal, a high quality emerald with an enhancement level graded moderate should cost 40–50% less than an identical stone graded none.

                EMERALD - to promote love, romance, joy, cleansing, clairvoyance, clear vision, memory, faith, intuition, serenity, intelligence and communication. This is a truth-promoting stone, inspiring deep knowing from within. Emerald - “Stone of Successful Love” domestic bliss, stimulates heart charka, harmony, fidelity, joy, all healing.

                The Breastplate of Aaron: a ceremonial religious garment set with twelve gemstones that represented the twelve tribes of Israel. It was square -- a span [22 centimeters] long and a span wide -- and folded double. Then they mounted four rows of precious stones on it. In the first row there was a ruby, a topaz and a beryl; in the second row a turquoise, a sapphire and an emerald.

                The Twelve Tribes of Israel In Exodus 28:17-21, specific gemstones were associated with the twelve tribes of Israel. People of Jewish heritage may wish to select their birthstones based on tribal names. Historians have complied several lists of which stone goes with each name. Emerald is associated with the tribe of  Levi.

                Christianity influenced the symbolism of gemstones. Specific gemstones were also associated with the twelve apostles. Emerald associated with apostle James/John.

                May modern birthstone- emerald, ancient traditional birthstones: Arabic - emerald, Hindu - emerald, Polish - emerald.
                June ancient traditional birthstones: Hebrew - emerald, Roman - emerald.
                Zodiac gemstone for Cancer - emerald
                Guardian angel Muriel and his talisman stone - emerald.

                Emerald care: Wash with warm soapy water, Avoid harsh detergents, Never clean ultrasonically, Never steam clean.

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                Garnet

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                Garnet

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                Garnet

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                Garnet

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                Garnet

                Garnet
                Mohs hardness 7.0-7.5, Specific gravity 3.61-4.05, Refractive index 1.710–1.820. A Silicate mineral. A variety of colors, the most popular being red or green. The garnet group includes a group of minerals that have been used since the Bronze Age as gemstones. The name "garnet" come from either the Middle English word gernet meaning 'dark red', or the Latin granatus ("grain"), possibly a reference to the Pomegranate, a plant with red seeds similar in shape, size, and color to some garnet crystals. Six common species of garnet are recognized by their chemical composition. They are pyrope, almandine, spessartine, grossular (varieties of which are hessonite or cinnamon-stone and tsavorite), uvarovite and andradite. The garnets make up two solid solution series: 1. pyrope-almandine-spessarite and 2. uvarovite-grossular-andradite. Garnets species are found in many colors including red, orange, yellow, green, blue, purple, brown, black, pink and colorless. The rarest of these is the blue garnet, discovered in the late 1990s in Bekily, Madagascar. It is also found in parts of the United States, Russia and Turkey. It changes color from blue-green in the daylight to purple in incandescent light, as a result of the relatively high amounts of vanadium. Other varieties of color-changing garnets exist. In daylight, their color ranges from shades of green, beige, brown, gray, and blue, but in incandescent light, they appear a reddish or purplish/pink color. Because of their color changing quality, this kind of garnet is often mistaken for Alexandrite.
                Almandine - a red garnet with a violet tint. Almandine, sometimes incorrectly called almandite, is the modern gem known as carbuncle . The term "carbuncle" is derived from the Latin meaning "live coal" or burning charcoal. The name Almandine is a corruption of Alabanda, a region in Asia Minor where these stones were cut in ancient times. Chemically, almandine is an iron-aluminium garnet the deep red transparent stones are often called precious garnet and are used as gemstones.Almandine has nicknames of Oriental garnet, almandine ruby, and carbuncle.
                Pyrope - a red garnet with a brown tint. Pyrope from the Greek pyropós meaning "fire-eyed" is red in color and chemically a magnesium aluminium silicate, the magnesium can be replaced in part by calcium and ferrous iron. The color of pyrope varies from deep red to almost black. Transparent pyropes are used as gemstones. A variety of pyrope from Macon County, North Carolina is a violet-red shade and has been called rhodolite, from the Greek meaning "a rose." In chemical composition it may be considered as essentially an isomorphous mixture of pyrope and almandine, in the proportion of two parts pyrope to one part almandine. Pyrope has tradenames some of which are misnomers; Cape ruby, Arizona ruby, California ruby, Rocky Mountain ruby, and Bohemian Another intriguing find is the blue color-changing garnets from Madagascar, a pyrope spessartine mix. The color of these blue garnets is not like sapphire blue in subdued daylight but more reminiscent of the grayish blues and greenish blues sometimes seen in spinel. However, in white LED light the color is equal to the best of blue sapphire, or tanzanite.
                Spessartine - an orange or red-brown Garnet. Spessartine or spessartite is manganese aluminium garnet. Its name is derived from Spessart in Bavaria. Spessartine of an orange-yellow is found in Madagascar. Violet-red spessartines are found in rhyolites in Colorado and Maine.
                Andradite - is a calcium-iron garnet, and may be red, yellow, brown, green or black. The recognized varieties are topazolite (yellow or green), demantoid (green) and melanite (black). Demantoid has been called the "emerald of the Urals" from its occurrence there, and is one of the most prized of garnet varieties. Topazolite is a golden yellow variety and melanite is a black variety.
                Grossularite  - clear, brownish, yellow or green. Grossular is a calcium-aluminium garnet. The name grossular is derived from the botanical name for the gooseberry, grossularia, in reference to the green garnet of this composition that is found in Siberia. Other shades include cinnamon brown (cinnamon stone variety), red, and yellow. Because of its inferior hardness to zircon, which the yellow crystals resemble, they have also been called hessonite from the Greek meaning inferior. One of the most sought after varieties of gem garnet is the fine green grossular garnet from Kenya and Tanzania called tsavorite. This garnet was discovered in the 1960s in the Tsavo area of Kenya, from which the gem takes its name.
                Uvarovite - is a calcium chromium garnet . This is a rather rare garnet, bright green in color, usually found as small crystals. It is found in crystalline marbles and schists in the Ural mountains of Russia and Outokumpu, Finland. Uvarovite crystals are generally too small to facet and are left attached to a matrix and incorporated into.

                RED GARNET - inspires romantic love, passion, sensuality, sexuality, intimacy, positive thoughts, inspiration, energy, past life recall, career success, social popularity and self confidence. Helps us become more productive and achievement-oriented. Garnet - Focusing and centering, assists in balance while working on computers, “genius stone”, ability to concentrate, bones. Garnet - has always been considered insurance for travelers against misfortune. Likewise, some believe that it is useful in warding off bad dreams and as protection from theft. The stone is thought to attract love and soul mates and to enhance creativity. Garnet has been associated with the root, or red chakra; imbalances of which are said to be responsible for anxiety, irritable bowel and lack of energy.
                GREEN GARNET - augments peace, serenity, meditation, creativity, healing, purification, patience and clarity of thought.
                ALMANDINE GARNET - brings spirituality to relationships. Helps in the transition from romance to a spiritual commitment in love.
                PYROPE GARNET - Brings stability in relationships. Helps in the transition from romance to firm commitment in love.
                SPESSARTITE GARNET - Helps us attract land or a home. Helps us then be content with our home and put down roots. Also associated with self-love.
                GROSSULARITE GARNET - This stone enhances energy, prosperity and career success.
                BROWN GROSSULARITE - encourages balance and serenity. It also helps us acquire land or property.
                CLEAR GROSSULARITE - is associated with spiritual attainment.
                GREEN GROSSULARITE - promotes healing.
                YELLOW GROSSULARITE - enhances calmness, meditation and relaxation.


                January modern birthstone - garnet
                January ancient traditional birthstones: Hebrew - garnet, Roman - garnet, Arabic - garnet, Polish - garnet.

                Guardian angel Amriel and his talisman stone - carbuncle (garnet)

                There is also a saying that tells you what stones to wear on certain days for good luck:
                Garnets or red stones on Thursday.

                The Twelve Tribes of Israel In Exodus 28:17-21, specific gemstones were associated with the twelve tribes of Israel. People of Jewish heritage may wish to select their birthstones based on tribal names. Historians have complied several lists of which stone goes with each name. Garnet is associated with the tribe of  Judah.

                Many modern English translations of the Bible, including the King James Version mention Garnet in Exodus 28:17 in reference to a stone in the Hoshen: "And thou shalt set in it settings of stones, even four rows of stones: the first row shall be a sardius, a topaz, and a carbuncle (Garnet): this shall be the first row."

                Garnet care: Wash with warm soapy water, Avoid harsh detergents, Ultrasonic cleaning is usually safe, Never steam clean.

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                Gold & Silver supply

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                Gold
                Gold is a chemical element with the symbol Au from Latin: aurum, “shining dawn“. It has been a highly sought-after precious metal for coinage, jewelry, and other arts since the beginning of recorded history. The metal occurs as nuggets or grains in rocks or veins. Gold is dense, soft, shiny and the most malleable and ductile pure metal known. Pure gold has a bright yellow color and luster traditionally considered attractive, which it maintains without oxidizing in air or water. Gold is one of the coinage metals and has served as a symbol of wealth and a store of value throughout history. Gold standards have provided a basis for monetary policies. It also has been linked to a variety of symbolisms and ideologies.
                Because of the softness of pure 24k gold, it is usually alloyed with base metals for use in jewelry, altering its hardness and ductility, melting point, color and other properties. Alloys with lower caratage, typically 22k, 18k, 14k or 10k, contain higher percentages of copper, or other base metals or silver or palladium in the alloy. Copper is the most commonly used base metal, yielding a redder color. Eighteen-carat gold containing 25% copper is found in antique and Russian jewelry and has a distinct, though not dominant, copper cast, creating rose gold. Fourteen-carat gold-copper alloy is nearly identical in color to certain bronze alloys. Blue gold can be made by alloying with iron and purple gold can be made by alloying with aluminium, although rarely done except in specialized jewelry. Blue gold is more brittle and therefore more difficult to work with when making jewelry. Fourteen and eighteen carat gold alloys with silver alone appear greenish-yellow and are referred to as green gold. White gold alloys can be made with palladium or nickel. White 18-carat gold containing 17.3% nickel, 5.5% zinc and 2.2% copper is silvery in appearance.


                GOLD - metal is associated with virtue, moral excellence, nobility of mind, purification, happiness, honor, wealth, strength of will, generosity, positive thoughts, energy, good humor, courage, stability, luck and opportunity. This metal stimulates action and ennobles the character.

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                Hiddenite

                (see Spodumene)

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                click fo Jade

                blue Jade

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                red Jade

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                Siberian green Jade

                Jade
                There are two varieties of Jade, Jadeite and Nephrite. Nephrite is quite similar to Jadeite, but its colors are creamier and less translucent than Jadeite; Nephrite is the more commonly found variety. Jade may come in a variety of colors, green, blue, black, violet, white, yellow and a reddish and brownish variety. Each with its own slightly different use.  The term jade is applied to two different metamorphic rocks that are made up of different silicate minerals: Nephrite consists of a microcrystaline interlocking fibrous matrix of the calcium, magnesium-iron rich amphibole mineral series tremolite - ferroactinolite. The higher the iron content the greener the colour. Jadeite is a sodium- and aluminium-rich pyroxene. The gem form of the mineral is a microcrystaline interlocking crystal matrix. The English word jade as well as the English word "jadeite" is derived from  French l'ejade and Latin ilia and from the Spanish term piedra de ijada or "loin stone", from its reputed efficacy in curing ailments of the loins and kidneys. Nephrite is derived from lapis nephriticus, the Latin version of the Spanish piedra de ijada.  The two minerals are both exquisite for the purposes that jade is put to task and are hard to distinguish from each other. Jadeite is almost never found in individual crystals and is composed of microscopic interlocking crystals that produce a very tough material. Nephrite is actually not a mineral, but a variety of the mineral actinolite. The nephrite variety is composed of fibrous crystals inter-twinned in a tough compact mass.
                The toughness of jade is remarkable. It has a strength greater than steel and was put to work by many early civilizations for axes, knives and weapons. It was later that jade became a symbolic stone used in ornaments and other religious artifacts during the eons. During Neolithic times, the key known sources of nephrite jade in China for utilitarian and ceremonial jade items were the now depleted deposits in the Ningshao area in the Yangtze River Delta and in an area of the Liaoning province in Inner Mongolia. Jade was used to create many utilitarian and ceremonial objects, ranging from indoor decorative items to jade burial suits. Jade was considered the "imperial gem". From the earliest Chinese dynasties, the jade deposits in most use were from the region of Khotan in the Western Chinese province of Xinjiang. There, white and greenish nephrite jade is found in small quarries and as pebbles and boulders in the rivers flowing from the Kuen-Lun mountain range northward into the Takla-Makan desert area. River jade collection was concentrated in the Yarkand, the White Jade (Yurungkash) and Black Jade (Karakash) Rivers. From the Kingdom of Khotan, on the southern leg of the Silk Road, yearly tribute payments consisting of the most precious white jade were made to the Chinese imperial court and there transformed into objets d'art by skilled artisans, as jade was considered more valuable than gold or silver.
                The Jainist temple of Kolanpak in the Nalgonda district, Andhra Pradesh, India is home to a 5-foot (1.5 m) high sculpture of Mahavira that is carved entirely out of jade. It is the largest sculpture made from a single jade rock in the world.
                Nephrite jade in New Zealand is known as pounamu in the Maori language (often called "greenstone") which plays an important role in Maori culture. It is considered a taonga, or treasure, and therefore protected under the Treaty of Waitangi, and the exploitation of it is restricted and closely monitored. It is found only in the South Island of New Zealand, known as Te Wai Pounamu in Maori—"The [land of] Greenstone Water", or Te Wahi Pounamu—"The Place of Greenstone". Nephrite jewellery of Maori design is widely popular with locals and tourists, although some of the jade used for these is now imported from British Columbia and elsewhere.
                Jade was a rare and valued material in pre-Columbian Mesoamerica. The only source from which the various cultures, such as the Olmec and Maya, could obtain jade was located in the Motagua River valley in Guatemala. Jade was largely an elite good, and was usually carved in a variety ways, whether serving as a medium upon which hieroglyphs were inscribed, or shaped into symbolic figurines. Generally, the material was highly symbolic, and it was often employed in the performance of rituals.


                JADE - the ancient Chinese culture has revered Jade for centuries. Jade is considered the health, wealth and longevity stone. used also for courage, wisdom, justice, mercy, emotional balance, stamina, love, fidelity, humility, generosity, peace, harmony. Jade is known as androgynous, therefore it is considered having a gentle, steady pulse of healing energy. Jade is found in different colors and can be used on the appropriate Chakra based on its color. Properties common to all colors of Jade include its ability to mellow one's existence. Helps one rid themselves of negative thoughts and energy. Very beneficial to the heart in both physical and spiritual senses. It is a very protective stone and will keep its wearer out of harm's way. Jade bounds us to our earth energies and physical instincts. Jade is a humbling stone.
                Jade Remedies - Jade works with the lungs, heart, thymus, immune, kidney and blood detoxification, nervous system. While all Jade has some healing influence, each color relates more specifically to certain ailments or organs. Strengthens the body's filtration and cleansing systems and assists in the removal of toxins.
                Feng Shui - Jade is used in positive directions for longevity and a good life. Used in the Center area for harmony and balance, in the Northeast area for wisdom and in the Southwest area for love and partnership. (Be sure to use two stones together in this area, never one or three).
                Nephrite Jade:  Green: Health, wealth, longevity stone. Ancient Chinese used also for courage, wisdom, justice, mercy, emotional balance, stamina, love, fidelity, humility, generosity, peace, harmony. Lungs, heart, thymus, immune, kidney and blood detoxification, nervous system. Androgynous. A gentle, steady energy. Properties include its ability to mellow one's existence. Helps one rid themselves of negative thoughts and energy. Strengthens the body's filtration and cleansing systems and assists in the removal of toxins. Very beneficial to the heart in both physical and spiritual senses. It is a very protective stone and will keep its wearer out of harm's way.
                Blue Jade -  peaceful and passive energy source. Helps people who meditate to relax and gain an inner serenity. A quiet teacher of patience and slow, steady progress. It is a wonderful stone to give to people who feel restricted or overcome by situations beyond their control.
                Brown Jade - connects us tot he earth. A good stone to use to help settle matters of the home or to adjust to a new environment.
                Green Jade - calming to the nervous system. The color green is representative of life or growth. Helps one channel passions in a constructive way, making expressions of love easier.
                Lavender Jade - in touch with the emotions. Beneficial to people who have been hurt by love or need to discover the gentleness within themselves. Can help one learn restraint and subtlety in matters of emotional importance.
                Red Jade - passionate and active stone. Caution is advised here: it can have such a stimulating influence that the wearer becomes agitated and feels the need to express anger. It can help you extract those feelings and come to terms with them. Use Red Jade to blow off steam, to release tension.
                White Jade - helps one direct their energy to its most advantageous outlet. Helps filter out distraction and allows you to envision the best result of a given situation. Also suggested for the eyes.
                Yellow and Orange Jade - impart the gift of joy and happiness. They teach the interconnectedness of all beings. Help organs that process food and waste in our bodies.
                Black Jade - enhances expressiveness, intelligence and perception. Thought to be a magic stone by the Mayan and Aztec cultures. Used in the treatment of disorders of the reproductive organs.

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                Jasper

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                Jasper
                Jasper, a form of chalcedony, is an opaque, impure variety of silica, usually red, yellow, brown or green in color. Blue is rare. This mineral breaks with a smooth surface, and is used for ornamentation or as a gemstone. It can be highly polished and is used for vases, seals, and at one time for snuff boxes. When the colors are in stripes or bands, it is called striped or banded jasper. Jasper is known to have been a favorite gem in the ancient world; its name can be traced back in Hebrew, Assyrian, Persian, Greek and Latin. On Minoan Crete within present day Greece jasper was carved to produce seals circa 1800 BC based upon archaeological recoveries at the palace of Knossos.

                JASPER - associated with relaxation, contentment, compassion, nurturing, consolation, tranquillity, completion, wholeness, healing and gentle endings. This stone is good for those who need more organizational abilities.

                The Twelve Tribes of Israel In Exodus 28:17-21, specific gemstones were associated with the twelve tribes of Israel. People of Jewish heritage may wish to select their birthstones based on tribal names. Historians have complied several lists of which stone goes with each name. Jasper is associated with the tribe of Assher.

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                Kunzite

                (see Spodumene)

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                Afghan Lapis Lazuli

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                Afghan Lapis Lazuli

                Lapis lazuli
                Mohs Hardness: 5-6. Lapis lazuli is a rock, not a mineral and is formed from more than one mineral. The finest color is intense blue, lightly dusted with small flecks of golden pyrite. Stones with no white calcite veins and only small pyrite inclusions are more prized. Lapis lazuli is a relatively rare, semi-precious stone that has been prized since antiquity for its intense blue color. The English word azure, the French azur, the Italian azzurro, the Spanish and the Portuguese azul are cognates. Taken as a whole, lapis lazuli means "stone of Lazhward". Lapis lazuli has been mined in the Badakhshan province of Afghanistan for over 6,000 years, and trade in the stone is ancient enough for lapis jewelry to have been found at Predynastic Egyptian sites, could also be found in the Siwa Oasis in the Western Libyan desert, and lapis beads at neolithic burials in Mehrgarh, the Caucasus, and even as far from Afghanistan as Mauritania.

                LAPIS LAZULI - associated with truthfulness, openness, inner power, love, purification, intuition, a sense of wonder and mystery, positive magic, self-confidence, virility, manifestation, an appreciation of mystery, psychic ability and tranquillity. This stone is also considered strengthening to mind and body. Lapis lazuli allows us to tap our own inner power while purifying the soul and the thoughts. Helps us contact
                our spirit guardians.


                Lapis Lazuli Stone of total awareness, activates throat, third eye and crown chakras, emotional balancing, PMS, protection, insomnia, dreaming, women’s healing, depression, infections.

                The Twelve Tribes of Israel In Exodus 28:17-21, specific gemstones were associated with the twelve tribes of Israel. People of Jewish heritage may wish to select their birthstones based on tribal names. Historians have complied several lists of which stone goes with each name. Lapis Lazuli is associated with the tribe of  Issachar.

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                Moonstone

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                Peach Moonstone

                Moonstone
                Mohs  hardness 6 - 6.5. Moonstone name is derived from a visual effect, or sheen, caused by light reflecting internally in the moonstone from layer inclusion of different feldspars. Moonstone is feldspar Usually milky with a bluish or yellowish tint and a pearly and opalescent luster. An alternate name is hecatolite. Moonstone is composed of two feldspar species, orthoclase and albite. The two species are intermingled. Then, as the newly formed mineral cools, the intergrowth of orthoclase and albite separates into stacked, alternating layers. When light falls between these thin, flat layers, it scatters in many directions producing the phenomenon called adularescence. Adularescence is an optical phenomenon produced most notably by moonstones. Adularescence is also commonly referred to as schiller or shiller. The effect is best described as a milky, bluish luster or glow originating from below the surface of the gemstone. The schiller, appearing to move as the stone is turned (or as the light source is moved), gives the impression of lunar light floating on water (accounting for moonstone's name). Though white schiller is the most common, in rarer specimens, orange or blue lusters are produced.
                Deposits of moonstone occur in: Australia, the Austrian Alps, Mexico, Madagascar, Myanmar, Norway, Poland, Sri Lanka, and the United States.

                MOONSTONE - foster happiness, good fortune, nurturing, mothering, unselfishness, humanitarian love, hope, spiritual insight, easy childbirth, safe travel on water, new beginnings, abundance and ancient wisdom. This stone gets us in touch with our feelings and is linked with the moon. It is best to attune its energies to the moon's phases. Moonstone is protective of women and nature, and is a sacred stone of the moon goddess.

                Modern June birthstone: moonstone or alexandrite

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                Opal

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                Opal

                Opal
                Opal is deposited at a relatively low temperature and may occur in almost any kind of rock, being most commonly found with limonite, sandstone, rhyolite and basalt. The word opal comes from the Latin opalus, by Greek opallios.The water content is usually between three and ten percent, but can be as high as twenty percent. Opal ranges from clear through white, gray, red, orange, yellow, green, blue, magenta, rose, pink, slate, olive, brown, and black. Of these hues, the reds against black are the most rare, whereas white and greens are the most common. These color variations are a function of growth size into the red and infrared wavelengths. Opal is Australia's national gemstone. Australia produces around 97% of the world's opal. Precious opal shows a variable interplay of internal colors and even though it is a mineraloid, it does have an internal structure. At micro scales precious opal is composed of silica spheres. These ordered silica spheres produce the internal colors and determines the quality of precious opal.

                OPAL - foster love, passion, loyalty, faithfulness, emotional expressiveness, warmth, spontaneity and dramatic ability. Also associated with peace, and consciousness. A very emotionally responsive stone. BLACK OPAL - promotes cosmic awareness and oceanic consciousness. BOULDER OPAL foster creativity and originality. FIRE OPAL - inspires dynamic energy and intensity. SONOMA OPAL - induces emotional stability. WHITE OPAL - enhances competency and efficiency.

                October modern birthstone: opal or tourmaline

                Opal is a relatively soft mineral do not clean in hot water or in ultrasonic cleaner
                Color: AAA-grade is multicolor, AA-grade is blue /green, A-grade is red / green

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                Arizona Petrified wood

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                Petrified wood
                Petrified wood  (from the Greek root petro meaning "rock" or "stone"; literally "wood turned into stone") is the name given to a special type of fossilized remains of terrestrial vegetation. It is the result of a tree having turned completely into stone by the process of permineralization. All the organic materials have been replaced with minerals (most often a silicate, such as quartz), while retaining the original structure of the wood. Unlike other types of fossils which are typically impressions or compressions, petrified wood is a three dimensional representation of the original organic material.

                PETRIFIED WOOD - associated with stability, security, strength, longevity, grounding, calmness and wisdom. Helps us communicate with trees. Teaches us to respect old people and ancient knowledge.

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                Rutilated quartz

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                Smoky quartz

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                Tourmalined quartz

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                Prasiolite green quartz

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                Rose quartz

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                Dendritic quartz

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                Herkimer diamond

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                Quartz
                Mohs hardness 7 – lower in impure varieties, Specific gravity 2.65; variable 2.59–2.63 in impure varieties, Refractive index 1.543–1.545 Quartz is the second most abundant mineral in the Earth's continental crust, after feldspar. There are many different varieties of quartz, several of which are semi-precious gemstones. Especially in Europe and the Middle East, varieties of quartz have been since antiquity the most commonly used minerals in the making of jewelry and hardstone carvings. The word quartz is derived from the German word "quarz", which was imported from Middle High German, "twarc". Quartz belongs to the trigonal crystal system. The ideal crystal shape is a six-sided prism terminating with six-sided pyramids at each end. In nature quartz crystals are often twinned, distorted, or so intergrown with adjacent crystals of quartz or other minerals. Quartz is the material identified as the mystical substance maban in Australian Aboriginal mythology. It is found regularly in passage tomb cemeteries in Europe. The Irish word for quartz is grian cloch, which means 'stone of the sun'. Roman naturalist Pliny the Elder believed quartz to be water ice, permanently frozen after great lengths of time. The word "crystal" comes from the Greek word "ice".) He supported this idea by saying that quartz is found near glaciers in the Alps, but not on volcanic mountains, and that large quartz crystals were fashioned into spheres to cool the hands. He also knew of the ability of quartz to split light into a spectrum.

                BLUE QUARTZ - Also called siderite. Inspires spiritual development, meditation psychic abilities and serenity. Blue quartz crystals grant spiritual insight and enlightenment, peace and serenity. They also encourage emotional clarity and purity.
                CRYSTAL (CLEAR QUARTZ) - also known as rock crystal or quartz crystal. Clear quartz crystals facilitate wisdom, clarity of thought, general healing, memory, meditation, communication, transformation, awakening, cleansing, pureness of heart, intention, higher consciousness, positive thoughts, harmony and love. This stone amplifies prayers, wishes and positive visualizations.
                CRYSTAL BALLS - Help us see the past and the future. Transport us to a place that is "between the worlds," a gate to other times, other realities. Promote divination, fortune telling, clairvoyance, spirit vision quests and the enhancement of psychic powers.
                CRYSTAL CLUSTERS (CLEAR QUARTZ) - Foster protection, cooperation, purification, participation, harmony, union, friendship and intimacy. They break up negative energy in the environment.
                DENDRITIC Quartz - is used as a Personal Talisman, in Meditation, and Goddess Worship. It is primarily used as a talisman for amplifying the Universal Life Force to enable us to have total focus on seeking a specific improvement in the basic nature of our lives. It is used to focus on one's place in the natural universe. It is an extremely powerful conduit of the Life Force that can enable a person to understand their role in the natural universe. Use dendritic quartz in meditation to get back to your natural self and escape from the artificial elements of today's civilization.
                DOLPHIN CRYSTAL - Near the base of a larger clear quartz crystal there may be a smaller crystal seeming to ride along with it. This is a Dolphin Crystal. It facilitates communication with dolphins and promotes unconditional love, wisdom, gentleness, playfulness, laughter and loyalty. Teaches us to protect and nurture all living things.
                DOUBLE TERMINATED CLEAR QUARTZ CRYSTALS - Crystals that are naturally faceted at both ends. Promote psychic ability, dream recall and are balancing to body, mind and spirit. They allow easier access to the meditative states, the spirit world and to our own inner feelings and creativity.
                EIGHT-FACETED CRYSTAL - A clear quartz crystal with eight facets enhances energy, success, prosperity, accomplishment, power and the wise use of that power.
                EMPATHIC CRYSTALS - Clear quartz crystals that have been chipped and damaged. Promote understanding, compassion, kindness, and empathy. They open the hearts of those who have closed them, while also protecting the openhearted from too much pain.
                EXTRA-TERRESTRIAL CRYSTAL - A clear quartz crystal with a single termination at one end and multiple termination at the other end. Facilitates communication with the positive beings of the celestial planes - - including gods, goddesses, angels and space travelers.
                (ARTIFICIALLY) FACETED CRYSTALS - Clear quartz crystals that have been cut into rings, crystal balls, and pendants have the same attributes and energies as naturally terminated crystals, with one exception. Without a natural termination, they do not focus and direct energy as well. They emanate a more diffuse energy.
                HAWK'S EYE - Quartz. Bluish green to bluish gray. Hawk's Eye fosters serenity, peace, perspective, discernment, abundance, prosperity, healing, riches and a love of nature. This stone teaches us to come to terms with the imperfections of the earth plane.
                HERA CRYSTALS - Also known as self-healed crystals. Clear quartz crystals that have been broken off at one end and grew one or more terminations over the broken area. They promote renewal, birth, rebirth, immortality and self healing powers.
                HERKIMER DIAMONDS - Quartz crystals that are found only in Herkimer County, New York. They are usually double terminated and sometimes have three or more terminations. They promote creativity, smooth energy flow, uniqueness, dream recall, originality, imagination and psychic abilities. They are considered energizing and enlivening.
                INNER CHILD CRYSTAL - A clear quartz crystal which has another, smaller crystal partially embedded in it. Helps us go back to our childhood and heal the child within. Excellent companion during psychological therapy or counseling. Helps us treat the child within with love and sensitivity.
                LEFT-HANDED CRYSTAL - A clear quartz crystal with an extra facet on the left side of the largest facet of the crystal is a left-handed crystal. These crystals promote creativity, psychic ability, meditation, intuition, emotional clarity, spiritual insight, patience, tranquility and tolerance.
                METEOR CRYSTALS - A clear quartz crystal with a number of tiny craters indented on one side of the crystal, with a tail trailing from them. These shooting stars often fall in the same direction on any one side of the crystal. This crystal fosters transcendence, cosmic consciousness, mystical vision, universal love and a sense of the vastness of the universe and of the soul. They teach us that we are all star-born.
                MILKY QUARTZ - Whitish and opaque, especially compared with clear quartz. They get us in touch with the hidden, invisible, elusive within us and without. They help us tap deep wisdom and mysteries that have been denied and buried in both our culture and in our individual selves.
                MUSE CRYSTALS - Clusters of nine similarly-sized clear quartz crystals. They promote appreciation for beauty, grace and harmony in music, poetry and the arts. They also facilitate creative expression, inspiration and help us recognize inner beauty and truth.
                MYTHIC CRYSTALS - Double-terminated Milky Quartz. Permit us to move back and forth in history to unravel the mystery challenge of the great myths. The myths are a culture's dream -- the collective, subconscious prophecy of an entire people. Interpreting their meaning is as important as understanding our own dreams.
                PARITY CRYSTALS - A cluster of identically-sized clear quartz crystals. Encourages us to look within for our spiritual answers rather than relying on outer authority. Teaches us to wean ourselves from authority figures of all kinds.
                PHANTOM CRYSTALS - Clear quartz crystals that have the dim outline of another crystal within them. They help us remember our past lives. They promote inner growth and transcendence. They remind us of the reality of life after death.
                PIXILATED CRYSTALS - Also called Enchanted Crystals, Double Terminated clear quartz crystals with a rainbow inside, as well as a lot of fairy frost within them. These crystals open our eyes to all the numinous beings who share the earth plane with us -- the so called mythical beings who live concurrently with humans but are invisible to most people. These include unicorns, dragons, naiads, plant and animal devas, elemental spirits and so forth.
                PRASIOLITE - A green member of the Quartz clan. Inspires self-reliance and originality. Gives us the courage to dare new things.
                QUANTUM CRYSTALS - Three or more Double-Terminated clear quartz crystals that are joined together. These crystals alter the statistical probabilities of your wishes, prayers and visualizations coming true. They also allow us easy access to alternate realities.
                RAINBOW CRYSTALS - As you turn a clear quartz crystal around in bright light, you may see a rainbow inside. These crystals promote hope, happiness and optimism while awakening us to the beauty of nature. They encourage earth stewardship and respect for nature.
                RECEIVING CRYSTALS - Clear quartz crystals with one broad flat face. These crystals help us become more receptive and non-judgmental. They also draw or receive energy. Many healers put the flat facet against a body part that is ailing to draw out the negative energy.
                RIGHT-HANDED CRYSTAL - A clear quartz crystal with an extra facet on the right side of the largest facet of the crystal. This crystal promotes rationality, reasonableness, analytical ability, intellectual acuity and learning. These crystals are dynamic, projective and energizing when held in the right hand.
                ROSE QUARTZ - Pink. Enhances all forms of love: self-love, mother love, caring, kindness, platonic and romantic love. Opens our hearts and encourages us to be tender, peaceful and gentle. Emanates unconditional love and nurturance and helps us attract positive, gentle love into our lives. Teaches forgiveness and tolerance.
                RUTILATED QUARTZ - Promotes determination, self-control, strength of will, resolve, self-reliance, volition, steadfastness and firmness. Good for people who have trouble making decisions. Also associated with happiness, communication with spirit guardians and general healing.
                SMOKY QUARTZ - Brown, black or smoky gra
                y. Collects scattered energies, dissolves negative energies, emotional blockages, protection, “stone of cooperation”. Fosters serenity, calmness, positive thoughts; calms fears; lifts depression. Also associated with stability, practicality, intuition, pride, joy and a realistic, grounded spirituality. Helps us turn our wishes, dreams and desires into reality. Helps us tap subconscious wisdom. Teaches us to simplify our lives and always to live in a sacred manner.
                TOURMALINATED QUARTZ - Black Tourmaline crystals inside of clear crystals. Balances and unites conscious with subconscious, male with female, spirit with matter, heaven with earth. Brings harmony to any polarity and brings moderation and unity to all situations.

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                Ruby

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                Star Ruby

                Ruby
                Mohs hardness 9, Specific gravity 4, Refractive index 1.760–1.770. A ruby is a pink to blood-red gemstone, a variety of the mineral corundum (aluminium oxide). The red color is caused mainly by the presence of the element chromium. Its name comes from ruber, Latin for red. Other varieties of gem-quality corundum are called sapphires. The ruby is considered one of the four precious stones, together with the sapphire, the emerald, and the diamond. Rubies have historically been mined in Thailand, Cambodia, and in Afghanistan. Rubies have been found in Sri Lanka. After the Second World War ruby deposits were found in Tanzania, Madagascar, Vietnam, Nepal, Tajikistan, and Pakistan. A few rubies have been found in the U.S. states of Montana, North Carolina, and South Carolina. More recently, large ruby deposits have been found under the receding ice shelf of Greenland. In 2002 rubies were found in the Waseges River area of Kenya.
                Prices of rubies are primarily determined by color. The brightest and most valuable "red" called pigeon blood-red, commands a huge premium over other rubies of similar quality. After color follows clarity: similar to diamonds, a clear stone will command a premium, but a ruby without any needle-like rutile inclusions may indicate that the stone has been treated. Cut and carat (weight) also determine the price. All natural rubies have imperfections in them, including color impurities and inclusions of rutile needles known as "silk". Gemologists use these needle inclusions found in natural rubies to distinguish them from synthetics, simulants, or substitutes. Usually the rough stone is heated before cutting. Almost all rubies today are treated in some form, with heat treatment being the most common practice. However, rubies that are completely untreated but still of excellent quality command a large premium.

                RUBY - fosters integrity, devotion, happiness, healing, courage, passion, romance, enthusiasm and generosity. Also evokes warmth, generosity, inspiration, prosperity, high energy, power and leadership ability.

                Zodiac gemstone for Capricorn: ruby
                Guardian angel Malchediel his talisman stone ruby
                July modern birthstone - ruby, ancient traditional birthstones: Polish - ruby and Russian -  ruby
                August ancient traditional birthstone  Hindu - ruby
                December ancient traditional birthstones: Hebrew - ruby, Roman - ruby, Arabic - ruby

                The Twelve Apostles  Christianity influenced the symbolism of gemstones. Specific gemstones were also associated with the twelve apostles. Apostle Andrew associated with the Ruby.

                Ruby care: Wash with warm soapy water, Avoid harsh detergents, Ultrasonic and steam cleaning are usually safe.

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                Natural Sapphire

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                Yellow Sapphire

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                Sapphire

                Sapphire
                Mohs hardness 9, Specific gravity 4, Refractive index 1.760–1.770. Sapphire name comes from Greek sappheiros "blue stone" is a gemstone variety of the mineral corundum, an aluminium oxide. Color other than red or dark pink, in which case the gem would instead be called a ruby, considered to be a different gemstone. Trace amounts of other elements such as iron, titanium, or chromium can give corundum blue, yellow, pink, purple, orange, or greenish color. Pink-orange sapphires are also called padparadscha. A combination of  chromium and titanium can give a sapphire of a color distinct from red. The cost of natural sapphires varies depending on their color, clarity, size, cut, and overall quality - as well as their geographic origin. Significant sapphire deposits are found in Eastern Australia, Thailand, Sri Lanka, Madagascar, East Africa, and in North American at a few locations, such as at "Gem Mountain", and in or near the Missouri River in the region around Helena, Montana. Blue sapphires are evaluated based upon the purity of their primary hue. Purple, violet, and green are the most common secondary hues found in blue sapphires. Violet and purple can contribute to the overall beauty of the color, while green is considered to be distinctly negative. Yellow and green sapphires are also commonly found. Pink sapphires deepen in color as the quantity of chromium increases. The deeper the pink color the higher their monetary value as long as the color is trending towards the red of rubies.
                Sapphires also occur in shades of orange and brown, and colorless sapphires are sometimes used as diamond substitutes in jewelry. Padparadscha sapphires often draw higher prices than many of even the finest blue sapphires. A star sapphire is a type of sapphire that exhibits a star-like phenomenon known as asterism. Star sapphires contain intersecting needle-like inclusions of the mineral rutile, a mineral composed primarily of titanium dioxide, that cause the appearance of a six-rayed "star"-shaped pattern when viewed with a single overhead light source. A rare variety of sapphire, known as color change sapphire, exhibits different colors in different light. Color change sapphires are blue in outdoor light and purple under incandescent indoor light; they may also be pink in daylight to greenish under fluorescent light. Some stones shift color well and others only partially, in that some stones go from blue to bluish purple.
                In 1902, the French chemist Auguste Verneuil developed a process for producing synthetic sapphire crystals. In the Verneuil process, named for him, fine alumina powder is added to an oxyhydrogen flame, and this is directed downward against a mantle. The alumina in the flame is slowly deposited, creating a teardrop shaped of sapphire material. Chemical dopants can be added to create artificial versions of the ruby, and all the other natural colors of sapphire, and in addition, other colors never seen in geology. Artificial sapphire material is identical to natural sapphire, except it can be made without the flaws that are found in natural stones.

                DARK BLUE SAPPHIRE - inspires creative expression, intuition and meditation.
                GREEN SAPPHIRE - brings luck.
                ORANGE SAPPHIRE - also known as Padparadschah, augments wisdom, optimism and friendliness.
                PINK SAPPHIRE - encourages generosity, love and loyalty.
                STAR SAPPHIRE - develops independence, centering, balance and psychic.
                WHITE SAPPHIRE - associated with self-appreciation and spiritual development.
                YELLOW SAPPHIRE - enhances intellect, study, knowledge and memory.


                April Ancient traditional birthstones: Hebrew - sapphire, Roman - sapphire, Arabic- sapphire
                July Ancient traditional birthstones: Hindu - sapphire
                September Modern birthstone: sapphire
                Zodiac gemstone for Taurus: sapphire
                Guardian angel Verchiel his talisman stone - sapphire
                 
                Sapphire care: Wash with warm soapy water, Avoid harsh detergents, Ultrasonic and steam cleaning are usually safe.

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                Silver supply

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                Silver
                Silver is a metallic chemical element with the chemical  symbol Ag from the Latin: argentums for "white" or "shining. Silver is a very ductile and malleable, slightly harder than gold  with a brilliant white metallic luster that can take a high degree of polish. It has the highest electrical conductivity of all metals, even higher than copper, but its greater cost and tendency to tarnish have prevented it from being widely used in place of copper for electrical purposes.
                The metal occurs naturally in its pure, free form as native silver, as an alloy with gold and other metals, and in other. Most silver is produced as a by-product of copper, gold, lead, and zinc refining. Jewellery and silverware are traditionally made from sterling silver an alloy of 92.5% silver with 7.5% copper. In the US, only an alloy consisting of at least 92.5% fine silver can be marketed as "silver" and stamped 925. Sterling silver is harder than pure silver, and has a lower melting point than either pure silver or pure copper. Britannia silver is an alternative hallmark-quality standard containing 95.8% silver, often used to make silver tableware and wrought plate.


                SILVER - metal fosters hope, meditation, unconditional love, mothering, nurturance, grounding, appreciation of women and nature, mystic visions, spiritual and romantic love, tenderness, kindness, sensitivity and psychic abilities. This metal is sacred to the Moon Goddess.

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                Spodumene

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                Pink Kunzite

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                Green Hiddenite

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                Spodumene
                Spodumene - is a pyroxene mineral consisting of lithium aluminium inosilicate and is a source of lithium. It occurs as colorless to yellowish, purplish or lilac kunzite (see below), yellowish-green or emerald-green hiddenite, prismatic crystals. Crystals form in the monoclinic system and are typically heavily striated parallel to the principal axis. Crystal faces are often etched and pitted with triangular markings. Spodumene is derived from the Greek spodumenos, meaning "burnt to ashes," owing to the opaque, ash-grey appearance of material refined for use in industry. Spodumene occurs in lithium rich granites and pegmatites. Transparent material has long been used as a gemstone with varieties kunzite and hiddenite noted for their strong pleochroism. Sources include Afghanistan, Australia, Brazil, Madagascar, Pakistan and USA (North Carolina, California).

                Kunzite - Mohs hardness 6.5-7, Specific gravity 3.18, Refractive index 1.660–1.676. Kunzite is a pink to lilac colored gemstone, a variety of spodumene with the color coming from minor to trace amounts of manganese. Kunzite exhibits strong pleochroism, a characteristic that changes its pink color to darker pink and then violet depending on the angle of viewing. Some of kunzite used for gemstones has been heated to enhance its color. It is also frequently irradiated to enhance the color. Many kunzites fade when exposed to sunlight. It was discovered in 1902, and was named after George Frederick Kunz, Tiffany & Co's chief jeweler at the time, and a noted mineralogist. It has been found in Brazil, USA, Canada, CIS, Mexico, Sweden, Western Australia, Afghanistan and Pakistan.

                Hiddenite - is a pale-to-emerald green variety of spodumene used as a gemstone. The first specimens of the hiddenite variety of spodumene were recovered about 1879 near the tiny settlement of White Plains, west of Stony Point, Alexander County, North Carolina. According to contemporary accounts, a young man named Lackey brought them to the attention of J.A.D. Stephenson, a local merchant who was also an ardent collector of minerals. Initially, the yellowish to greenish-yellow hiddenites were thought to be gemmy diopside. Stephenson brought the discovery to the attention of exploration geologist William Earl Hidden, who had been commissioned by Thomas Edison to search for any sources of platinum in North Carolina. Hidden sent samples of the odd green material to John Lawrence Smith, a prominent chemist and mineralogist of Louisville, Kentucky. Smith correctly identified the specimens as being a variety of spodumene, and named them “hiddenite” in honor of Hidden. The community in which the gemstones were first found would later be renamed "Hiddenite". During the hey-day of hiddenite mining in the 1880s and 1890s it was also known as “lithia emerald”. Hidden recognized the value of the emeralds and the potential of the new gemmy green spodumene. He acquired a tract of poor quality land, which was either the site of the initial discovery or near to it, for $1500. The Emerald and Hiddenite Mining Company was organized and excavations on the site quickly recovered loose hiddenites and emeralds in the red gravelly clay. At a depth of about 26 feet they struck bedrock and soon were recovering hiddenites from solid rock. Oddly, period newspaper accounts and statements by George Frederick Kunz (1892) indicate that mining on the site was never undertaken as a full time operation, but was only prosecuted a few weeks or months during the summer. Writing in 1892, Kunz described the hiddenite being recovered as “always transparent, ranges from colorless (rare) to a light yellow, into a yellowish green, then into a deep yellow emerald green. Sometimes an entire crystal has a uniform green color, but generally one end is yellow and the other green. Kunz noted that the finest crystal recovered prior to 1892  could have cut a gem of 5.5ct estimated weight. The size of most cut gems were small, with a 2ct hiddenite in the Augustus C. Hamlin collection being considered among the finest of the large stones. In addition to the North Carolina locality, Hiddenite has also been found in Brazil, China, and Madagascar. Green spodumene found in Afghanistan and Pakistan has excited modest amounts of controversy in the mineral and gemological communities with debate over whether or not it should be truly considered "hiddenite" as well as claims that the green coloration is induced by irradiation and is fugitive.

                YELLOW SPODUMENE - promotes spirituality and connects us with our higher self.
                KUNZITE - is associated with gentleness, friendliness, self-discipline, emotional balance, inner love, maturity, security, calmness, openness and moderation. This stone helps us to attract gentle friends and teaches us to combine compassionate self-love with discipline. Kunzite - to help one to understand and interact better with others, to help heal "broken hearts", to relieve stress and anger, and to bring love, peace and harmony. It is also a stone that removes obstacles. Kunzite is said to help strengthen the circulatory system, and to be helpfull in the treatment of lung disorders. Kunzite is associated with the heart chakra.
                HIDDENITE - enhances the ability of healers. Grants spiritual attainment, enlightenment, universal compassion, transcendence, and peace.


                Kunzite care: Wash with warm soapy water, Avoid harsh detergents, Never clean ultrasonically, Never steam clean.

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                Topaz

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                Topaz

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                Yellow Topaz

                Topaz
                Mohs hardness 8, Specific gravity 3.53, Refractive index 1.609–1.637. Topaz is a silicate mineral of aluminium and fluorine. Pure topaz is colorless and transparent but is usually tinted by impurities; typical topaz is wine, yellow, pale gray, reddish-orange, blue or brown. It can also be made white, pale green, blue, gold, pink (rare), reddish-yellow or opaque to transparent/translucent. Orange topaz, also known as precious topaz, is the the state gemstone for the US state of Utah. Imperial topaz is yellow, pink (rare, if natural) or pink-orange. Brazilian Imperial Topaz can often have a bright yellow to deep golden brown hue, sometimes even violet. Many brown or pale topazes are treated to make them bright yellow, gold, pink or violet colored. Some imperial topaz stones can fade on exposure to sunlight for an extended period of time. Blue topaz is the US state Texas gemstone. Naturally occurring blue topaz is quite rare. Typically, colorless, gray or pale yellow and blue material is heat treated and irradiated to produce a more desired darker blue. Mystic topaz is colorless topaz which has been artificially coated giving it the desired rainbow effect. Topaz can be found with fluorite and cassiterite in various areas including Ural and Ilmen mountains of Russia, in Afghanistan, Sri Lanka, Czech Republic, Germany, Norway, Pakistan, Italy, Sweden, Japan, Brazil, Mexico, Flinders Island, Australia, Nigeria and the United States.

                BLUE TOPAZ - inspires leadership ability, psychic knowing, spiritual growth, tranquillity and psychic insight. Topaz - is highly energizing and warming. It is used to stimulate the intellect; it aids abstract thinking and creativity from the mental level to concrete physical form. It is a stone of trust and protection; it draws out negativity, exhaustion, and tension. Place a Imperial Topaz in your home to protect against break-ins and fire. Physically, Imperial Topaz is said to increase blood circulation, aids liver and kidney diseases, and is for sexual dysfunction. It is also said to relieve the pain associated with arthritis and rheumatism.
                CLEAR TOPAZ - helps us communicate with Devas (Nature Spirits) and with all the animals and plants of the earth.
                GOLDEN TOPAZ - builds generosity, happiness, humor, optimism, creativity, wisdom, inspiration, abundance and love. It also attracts love to us and teaches us about spiritual love. Golden Topaz - is highly energizing and warming. It is used to stimulate the intellect; it aids abstract thinking and creativity from the mental level to concrete physical form. It is a stone of trust and protection; it draws out negativity, exhaustion, and tension. Place a Golden Topaz in your home to protect against break-ins and fire. Physically, Golden Topaz is said to increase blood circulation, aids liver and kidney diseases, and is for sexual dysfunction. It is also said to relieve the pain associated with disorders of the liver, gall bladder and endocrine glands.
                GREEN TOPAZ - guides us towards forgiveness and understanding.
                PINK TOPAZ - promotes honor and truth.

                Guardian angel Ashmodei and his talisman stone topaz
                November Ancient traditional birthstones: Hebrew - topaz, Roman - topaz, Arabic - topaz, Polish - topaz
                December Modern birthstone: turquoise, blue topaz, or tanzanite. Ancient traditional birthstone for Hindu - topaz.
                Zodiac gemstone for Sagittarius - topaz

                Many modern English translations of the Bible, including the King James Version mention Topaz in Exodus 28:17 in reference to a stone in the Hoshen: "And thou shalt set in it settings of stones, even four rows of stones: the first row shall be a sardius, a topaz, and a carbuncle (Garnet): this shall be the first row."

                The Twelve Apostles. Christianity influenced the symbolism of gemstones. The gemstones were also associated with the twelve apostles. Matthew associated with  Topaz.

                Topaz care: Wash with warm soapy water, Avoid harsh detergents, clean with ultrasonic or steam cleaner.

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                Watermelon Tourmaline

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                Pink Tourmaline

                Tourmaline
                Mohs hardness - 7-4.5, Refractive index - 1.624-1.644. Specific Gravity - 3.06. Tourmaline is a crystal silicate mineral compounded with elements such as aluminium, iron, magnesium, sodium, lithium, or potassium. Tourmaline gem comes in a wide variety of colors. The name comes from the Sinhalese word "turamali" , which applied to different gemstones found in Sri Lanka. The most common species of tourmaline is schorl. It may account for 95% or more of all tourmaline in nature. The name dravite was used for for magnesium-rich (and sodium-rich) tourmaline from the village Dravograd (near Dobrova pri Dravogradu), is a part of the Republic of Slovenia. A lithium-tourmaline (elbaite) was from Utö, Sweden. Blue tourmaline is also known as Indicolite or Indigolit. Colorless Tourmaline - Achroite. Gem and specimen tourmaline is mined chiefly in Brazil and Africa. Some material suitable for gem use comes from Sri Lanka. In addition  tourmaline is mined in Brazil, Tanzania, Nigeria, Kenya, Madagascar, Mozambique, Namibia, Afghanistan, Pakistan, Sri Lanka, and Malawi.

                TOURMALINE - increases flexibility, happiness, objectivity, compassion and serenity. It also enhances tolerance and understanding. It is a stone that is very helpful for channeling. Tourmaline is also a very protecting stone. Tourmaline is often associated with the heart chakra, particularly watermelon tourmaline, where it opens one to accept love. Other colors of tourmaline are associated with the chakra of the same color. BLUE TOURMALINE - is linked with peace, balance, eloquence and emotional purification.COLORLESS TOURMALINE - brings contact with angelic realm. BLACK TOURMALINE - protects us from negative energy. BROWN TOURMALINE - encourages stability and practicality. GREEN TOURMALINE - to foster prosperity, success, general healing, strength, purification and communication. YELLOW TOURMALINE - brings heightened intelligence and spiritual awareness. VIOLET TOURMALINE - inspires meditation. PINK TOURMALINE - attunes us to love and opens the heart. MULTI-COLORED TOURMALINE - teach us to live harmoniously with the whole range of humanity.

                Tourmaline care: Wash with warm soapy water, Avoid harsh detergents, Never clean ultrasonically, Never steam clean.

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                Turquoise

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                Persian Turquoise

                Turquoise
                Mohs hardness 5-6. Turquoise is an opaque, blue-to-green mineral that is a hydrous phosphate of copper and aluminium. It is rare and valuable in finer grades and has been prized as a gem and ornamental stone for thousands of years owing to its unique hue. Turquoise was among the first gems to be mined, and while many historic sites have been depleted, some are still worked to this day. These are all small-scale, often seasonal operations, owing to the limited scope and remoteness of the deposits. Most are worked by hand with little or no mechanization. However, turquoise is often recovered as a byproduct of large-scale copper mining operations, especially in the United States.
                The substance has been known by many names, but the word turquoise was derived around the 16th century from the French language turquie, for material which was early imported through Turkey. The pastel shades of turquoise have endeared it to many great cultures of antiquity: it has adorned the rulers of Ancient Egypt, the Aztecs, Persia, Mesopotamia, the Indus Valley, and to some extent in ancient China since at least the Shang Dynasty. For at least 2,000 years, Persia, has remained an important source of turquoise. Since at least the First Dynasty (3000 BCE), and possibly before then, turquoise was used by the Egyptians and was mined by them in the Sinai Peninsula, called "Country of Turquoise". Despite being one of the oldest gems, turquoise did not become important as an ornamental stone in the West until the 14th century, following a decline in the Roman Catholic Church's influence which allowed the use of turquoise in secular jewellery. Since finer turquoise is often found as thin seams, it may be glued to a base of stronger foreign material as a means of reinforcement. These stones are termed "Backed" and it is standard practice that all thinly cut turquoise in the Southwestern United States is backed.

                TURQUOISE - increases serenity, protection, meditation energy, wisdom, balance, honest communication, strength, friendship and love. Considered to be generally healing and fostering of empathy, positive thinking and sensitivity. Connects us with all life.
                Turquoise - to attract prosperity and success, to have the power to influence creative powers, and to enhance the ability to communicate. The stone has long been prized as a powerful talisman with healing properties. It is said that turquoise can help balance the throat chakra, increasing resistance to viruses and helping to relieve sore throats, lung infections and the affects of allergies. Turquoise tones, strengthens entire body , aids tissue regeneration, circulation, and the respiratory system. It aids with creative expression, peace of mind, emotional balance, communication, friendship, and loyalty.


                December modern birthstone: turquoise, blue topaz, or tanzanite

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